The Advancing Care Information (ACI) category in the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) can be “reweighted to zero” under certain circumstances. This is functionally similar to obtaining an exclusion from the ACI portion of MIPS. If ACI is reweighted to zero, the category’s full weight (25% of the MIPS final score) is then reallocated to the Quality category (with an exception I won’t dive into here).
The various options to reweight ACI to zero are essentially based on the eligibility criteria and the significant hardship exception options that were present in the Medicare EHR Incentive Program (or “Meaningful Use”).
- Non-patient-facing (NPF) MIPS eligible clinicians will have their ACI category automatically reweighted to zero by CMS. The agency will determine them to be NPF if they have fewer than 100 “patient-facing encounters” during the corresponding determination period. In terms of group reporting, a group would be “non-patient-facing” if more than 75 percent of the NPIs billing under that group’s TIN meet the NPF definition. The specific patient-facing encounter codes have not yet been identified publicly by CMS, but we are told the agency could release that code list as early as this month, or perhaps even notify participants of their NPF determination before the code list itself is released… Stay tuned…
- Hospital-based MIPS eligible clinicians will also have the ACI category automatically reweighted to zero by CMS. Hospital-based ECs are those who provide 75 percent or more covered professional services in the inpatient hospital (POS 21), on campus outpatient hospital (POS 22), or emergency room (POS 23) settings. This is substantially different from the MU definition of “hospital-based” in that CMS lowered the threshold from 90 percent to 75 percent, and included POS Code 22 as a hospital setting. Thus, many more physicians will end up being “hospital-based” under the MIPS/ACI definition than there were for MU.
- Non-physician MIPS eligible clinicians (nurse practitioners, physician assistants, etc.) will also have ACI reweighted to zero if they choose not to report any ACI data.
- Other MIPS eligible clinicians not covered by bullets #1-3 above can manually apply to reweight ACI to zero if they meet any of the following criteria (based on the corresponding MU significant hardship exceptions):
- Insufficient broadband availability
- Faced extreme and uncontrollable circumstances
- Lacked influence over certified EHR technology availability
The HHS Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) recently published its final rule to enhance the oversight and accountability of the ONC’s Health IT Certification Program. The rule establishes processes and related requirements for the agency’s direct review of certified health IT modules post-certification, and creates additional transparency on the Certified Health IT Product List (CHPL or “the chapel”), among other enhancements. While the regulatory improvements codify ONC’s procedures leading up to certification termination, the rule explicitly does not cover the impact of certification termination on physician customers who rely on their certified health IT modules for participation in federal programs, such as the Quality Payment Program/Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS).
ONC also recently released a brief fact sheet on general health IT considerations in the MACRA/Quality Payment Program final rule. We should expect to see more detailed guidance from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and (potentially) ONC in the near future.
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) released its final rule this morning to implement the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA). The final rule establishes the regulatory framework of the Quality Payment Program and its two pathways: Advanced Alternative Payment Models (Advanced APMs) and the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS).
Most radiologists will be in the MIPS pathway of the QPP and many will likely be defined as “non-patient-facing” eligible clinicians. The non-patient-facing determination will be applied to individuals who provide fewer than 100 patient-facing encounters (determined by codes listed in the future on QualityPaymentProgram.cms.gov), and groups with more than 75% of the individual NPIs billing under their TIN determined as non-patient-facing eligible clinicians.
Final rule and executive summary: https://qpp.cms.gov/education
The HHS Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) released two free resources for healthcare providers on September 26. The new EHR contract guide and interactive Health IT Playbook are designed to provide supplementary guidance for those with decision-making influence over EHR technology acquisitions in their practices. The contract guide expands upon ONC’s 2013 explanation of common EHR contract terms to provide more information about purchasing, upgrading, or replacing EHR technology. The Health IT Playbook expands upon the earlier Patient Engagement Playbook to provide adoption information and references for end-users. These documents are purely informational and not intended to provide compliance guidance or indicate government/regulatory policy.
Additionally, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report on September 26 titled, “Electronic Health Information: HHS Needs to Strengthen Security and Privacy Guidance and Oversight.” The report outlines cyber-based security threats to patient data and recommends that HHS update its guidance for protecting electronic health information to address key security elements, improve technical assistance it provides to covered entities, follow up on corrective actions, and establish metrics for gauging the effectiveness of its audit program.
The American College of Radiology (ACR) submitted comments on September 6 to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) in support of the proposed ninety-day reporting period for participants in the EHR Incentive Program in 2016. Currently, Meaningful EHR Users beyond their first year of participation in the program are required to report data from the full calendar year.
The proposed change was included in the agency’s 2017 Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System proposed rule. If finalized as anticipated, 2016 would be the third straight year CMS has shortened the EHR reporting period for all participants.
In mid-July, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of Civil Rights (OCR) released long-awaited Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) guidance on ransomware. The guidance addresses healthcare sector ransomware prevention, recovery, and breach notification processes.
The HHS Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) and Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) released two funding opportunity announcements last week specific to the establishment of an Information Sharing and Analysis Organization (ISAO). The ISAO would be a single entity charged with IT security education, outreach, warnings and threat information dissemination across the healthcare/public health domain.
The American College of Radiology responded July 22 to a Request for Information (RFI) from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) on “Artificial Intelligence.” RFI comments will inform the deliberations and future recommendations of the National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Machine Learning and AI. The subcommittee was recently created to explore the potential application of this technology to enhance federal government services in a variety of fields, including health care.
The ACR’s comment submission focused on the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of AI, including: standardized data sets for training and testing, measurement of effectiveness and outcomes, validation and certification of algorithms, clarification of patient consent issues/appropriate methods, and more. The ACR encouraged federal support and partnership with professional associations and other stakeholders to address these issues.
The ACR Commission on Informatics-Clinical Data Science Committee and staff from the Research, MIS, and Government Relations teams informed the comment development efforts.